Stars In Norse Mythology

topic posted Tue, March 25, 2008 - 1:40 AM by  Unsubscribed
Frigga's Handmaidens Like all the Great Goddesses of the IE mythologies, Frigga had her train of handmaidens who emphasized her special functions and personified her various aspects. Some of these are known by little more than name and function, while others play important roles in Norse mythology. Frigga's attendants totaled eleven, who along with herself might equate to the twelve constellations. However, while Frigga is the cosmic goddess whom the Norse identified with the general area of the constellation of Orion (see Frigga), little else is known about Norse astrology and any other associations are conjectural.

However, the handmaidens Abundia and Fulla seem to have been synonymous. The functions of Syn and Vara also show congruence. The number of handmaidens would, then, total nine. This number is much more significant in IE mythology. It is a triplicate version of the 'Triple Goddess'. Their ultimate origin is, in Norse mythology, found in the Norns, who were the omniscient 'Three Fates'. This number of goddesses is popular elsewhere in IE mythology. In Greece they are found, for instance, as the nine Muses and the nine Amazons who battled Herakles after he had killed their queen Hippolyte. In the Celtic world there were nine maidens of the otherworlds, including Avallon. In India, meanwhile, the 'cosmic goddess' Durga had nine attendants (or aspects/ forms) called the Navadurga.

Abundia, Abundantia, Habondia She was Frigga's sister. She seems to have been synonymous with Fulla. Fulla, Volla She was a fertility goddess who brought fecundity to the earth, especially of grain. She is depicted with golden blond hair tied together with a gold band that is thought to represent the binding around a sheaf of grain. When Hermod went to Hel to try and retrieve Balder and Nanna, the latter gave him her gold band to give to Fulla. Hlin, Lin She was the goddess of consolation. She brought consolation to mourners, pouring soothing comfort into their hearts to ease their bereavement. Hlin would listen to the pleas and prayers of the brokenhearted, then inform Frigga and recommend how to bring relief. Hlin also protects men favored by Frigga, and is often sent to warn men of their danger. She is also often synonymous with Frigga, as when Frigga suffers the loss of her son Balder. Gna Gna was Frigga's messenger and associated with refreshing breezes. She rode through the sky or across the water on her winged horse Hofvarpnir ('Hoof-Thrower'>. As Frigga's emissary, she would travel like the wind over great distances and deliver Frigga's messages. While on her journeys to the mortal world she could, like Odin's ravens, see all that was happening and then report back to Frigga what the people were doing. Gna is most noted in a story where Frigga sent her to deliver a golden apple, the symbol of fruitfulness, to King Rerir in Hunaland. This came after Gna found him regretting his wife's inability to bear a child. Gna dropped an apple from the sky that landed in the king's lap. Giving it to his wife, she became pregnant with Volsung, the progenitor of a renown family in Norse myths. As a sky-riding maiden Gna reminds us of the Valkyries, while her delivery of the apple to the Huna king recalls the role of Idun. Her name, moreover, is the same as that found in India. There, the Gnas were a collection of powerful Vedic goddesses whose name translates as "The Goddesses". It is also derived from IE words for 'woman', including PIE *gwen, Skt gana, Av jani, ON kona, Goth qens, Grk gyne, Arm gin, Welsh benyw, Svl zena, Tocharian s'än, and so on (> Eng queen, kin). Lofn, Lofe, Lofua, Lufn, Vjofn ('Love'> She founded the institution of marriage and presided over its ceremonies. She was also the goddess of premarital affairs, and of marriage reconciliation. In a wider function she maintained harmony amongst mankind. Syn ('truth'> She presided over tribunals and trials, protecting against perjury. Whenever a decision or judgement was made it was often declared to be by the will of Syn. She was As Frigga's gatekeeper she could deny the unworthy into heaven. She seems synonymous with Vara. Gefjon ,Gebjon, Gefion, Gefjun, Gefn, Gefinn ('Giver'> The Norse's Gefjon might have been found in southern Germany as Garmangabis. She was a multi-faceted goddess of vague and confusing origins. She was associated with fertility, good fortune and prosperity, and healing. She was also a prophetesss who, like Frigga, knew the future but could not change it. She was the goddess of young maidens and older unmarried women. She welcomed them to her hall after they had died. Gefjon was, like Frigga and Freya, the owner of a wondrous necklace. Accounts have her being given this either by her lover or, like Freya, she prostituted herself for it (though somehow retained her virginity). In any event, one of Freya's epithets was Gefjon. As some accounts recognize her as a Vana goddess who married one of Odin's sons, we can see that her character supports the theory that Frigga and Freya were originally the same goddess who bifurcated in Norse mythology with different functions and aspects. Another Gefjon (or another aspect of Frigga's handmaiden) was as a clever giantess whom King Gylfi of Sweden promised as much land as she and four oxen could plow in a day. She had her oxen sons (fathered by another giant in Jotunheim) plow off a part of Sweden that became the Danish island of Zealand. She then married Skiold, one of Odin's son, and they became the ancestress of the Danish monarchy. They founded the city of Hleidra/ Lethra, a Danish capital and chief worship site. Eira, Eir ('Care for', 'Save', 'Mercy'> She was a physician goddess. She gathered herbs from around the world that could cure both diseases and wounds. She could even resurrect the dead. Eir lived in Lyfjaberg, the 'hill of healing'. She taught the medicinal arts to women, whose province medicine was in the Norse world. Vara Vara heard oaths and punished perjurers. She also rewarded those faithful to their word. She seems synonymous with Syn. Vor ('faith'> Vor could foresee the future. She was omniscient, and defendants invoked her at their trials. Snotra Snotra was a goddess of virtue and mistress of knowledge (ironically, we know little about her).

Claims Direct - Norse Style

Skadi, the goddess of snowshoes, was the daughter of the giant Thiazi. Thiazi was tragically killed by the Aesir, and Skadi took her claim for damages to Asgard. As compensation, Odin allowed her to choose a husband from the gods. The small catch was that she could only make her choice judging by their feet. Skadi thought that the best-looking feet would belong to Balder as he was renowned for being the most aesthetically-pleasing god in the world. Unfortunately, this was not true, as to the goddess' dismay she found that she had picked the god with the best-looking feet, but a face that not even a mother could love - Njord.

Again, she sought a claim for damages with a demand that one of the Aesir should make her laugh. This was achieved by Loki. Always the joker, but not always the sharpest tool in the box, he tied one end of a rope to a goat's beard. He tied the other end to his testicles. Pulling on the rope, both bellowed loudly.

As the final part of Skadi's compensation, the gods threw her deceased father's eyes into the sky, turning them into stars. Þjazi's eyes (augu Þjaza) is the only named Norse constellation known today. It's not known what stars in the sky made up the constellation.

The Æsir dragged Ymer´s dead body into the middle of the huge void, Ginnungagap, positioning him like a lid over the abyss.

From the body of the giant they then created the world. His blood became the sea, his flesh the land. His knuckles formed cliffs and peaks. His teeth and broken splinters of bone became stones and boulders. His hair turned into trees and grass. The gods threw his brains high into the air, creating clouds. And the sky? That was the giant´s skull, which was placed like a vaulted dome over all they had created. Next, the gods caught sparks from the fiery Muspellsheim and hung them in the sky, where they still sparkle brightly. Inside what was once the skull of the giant Ymer... Thus were the stars created.

Ragnarok is the Norse myth of how the world will end. The rivalry and hatred between the two sides will heighten and will be constant war on earth. Fenrir will swallow the sun and moon and the stars will fall making the mountains crumble.
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    Re: Stars In Norse Mythology

    Tue, March 25, 2008 - 1:43 AM
    Bifrost, the rainbow, was the bridge leading from the Earth, called Midgard, to Asgard, the home of the gods. Only the gods could cross this bridge. Mortals and giants were prevented from reaching Asgard by the god Heimdall. In Norse mythology, the world was represented as a gigantic tree, possibly an ash, whose roots stretched in three parts reaching three different worlds. The first was the land of the giants, Jotunnheim, the second was Godheim (heaven), the site of the city of Asgard (where the gods lived). The lowest world was Niflheim, the underworld where the dragon Nidhoggr gnawed corpses at the root of the tree.

    The Earth, named Midgard, was around the tree in an upper level. Bifrost has been also associated by some scholars with the Milky Way.

    It was believed that during a great battle, called Ragnarok, all the gods and living things perished. Lead by Loki, the monsters fought the gods for control. Bifrost was shattered by the weight of the monsters. Eventually, everything was destroyed by a great flood. However, the Earth rose from the waters, and life began once again.

    Freya The Name

    This was given to her by dwarves, which the Norse still refer to as the Milky Way In Teutonic mythology, she was fused with the goddess Frigg Brisingamen: Freya's beautiful golden necklace. One of the greatest Norse treasures.

    The Norse Edda refers to shifts in the position of the Midgard serpent, Midgard being our planet, and the serpent denoting the equator, ecliptic, or Milky Way. According to a Norse legend, the wolf Fenrir, who had been chained up by the gods, managed to break his bonds and escape. He shook himself and the world trembled. The ash tree Yggdrasil (the earth's axis) was shaken from its roots to its topmost branches. Mountains crumbled or split from top to bottom, and the stars came adrift in the sky
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    Re: Stars In Norse Mythology

    Tue, March 25, 2008 - 1:46 AM
    Aegir is God of Storms and the Sea. This lesser god and his worshippers are chaotic neutral. He swamps ships that have not sacrificed to him, but calms storms for his friends. His wife is Ran.

    the spirits of nature on a large scale…they were the Giants!

    They were there before beginning, preceding everything, emerging from the primordial chaos, they were cut into the ice or the rocks they personified. The storms, avalanches, and violent crashes of earth were their work, filling their days with battles against the gods. The disasters were colossal. Often cruel, sometimes benevolent, they are forever in legends. It is said that, in Peru, a few remain in a state of petrifaction. The profound sources of these myths vary greatly. According to the traditions In Norse mythology, the Frost Giants were fearsome colossuses representing the mysterious forces of nature – terrifying ice! They are considered evil because of the Norse’s great fear of ice (menacing and deadly). They are accused of, among other things, breathing on spring buds to burn them and causing avalanches with a simple shrug of their shoulders. But above all they were the relentless enemies of the gods. In Ragnarök (Crepuscule of the God), they intended to avenge the first giant, Ymir, killed by the gods.

    The expression, "It's raining cats and dogs" has its origins in Norse mythology. Norse meteorologists believed that witches rode the storms in the form of cats


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