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Kasamarda (Cassia occidentalis)

topic posted Mon, February 15, 2010 - 10:50 AM by  Nobunoni +
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Botanical Name : Cassia occidentalis
Sanskrit name : Kasamarda, Arimarda, Kasari
English Name : Coffee Senna, Foetid Cassia, Negro Coffee, Rubbish Cassia, Stinking Weed

Plant Parts Used : Fruits & Bark

Description of Cassia occidentalis :
C.occidentalis is an erect, annual herb or undershrub.
The leaves are lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, the leaflets, 3-paired, membranous, glaucous, ovate or lanceolate; the flowers, yellow, in short racemes; the pods, recurved, glabrous and compressed; the seeds, dark olive green, ovoid, compressed, hard, smooth and shining.



Principal Constituents:
The seeds yield an oil.
They also contain 1, 8-dihydroxy-2- methylanthraquinone, 1, 4, 5-trihydroxy-7-methoxy-3- methylanthraquinone, physcion, its glucoside, rhein, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, its glycoside, N-methylmorpholine, glucosides of campesterol and ß-sitosterol, and a galactomannan.

Pharmacology:
The seed powder is externally applied in cutaneous diseases and eruptions.

Indications:
The seed is bitter and has tonic, febrifugal and purgative properties.
It is considered to be a blood tonic and excellent diuretic.
The seeds are useful in cough and whooping cough, convulsions and in heart diseases.


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Nobu +
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